Nixon was the first to coin the term “war on drugs,” but Reagan was the first to turn the term into a literal war. Read the full content of this special issue on the state of the 2020 Election. Newsreel and videocam footage includes: rioting, beatings, lynching, brutality, recent killings (up-close) of African Americans by police, and people being tormented, intimidated, and threatened by law enforcement and fellow citizens. The U. S. only has 5% of the world's population but has 25% of the world's prisoners. Ava DuVernay’s documentary, 13 th, connects this ambiguous clause to mass incarceration in America. PO Box 309 This kept CCA prisons overflowing with immigrant detainees. Assignment Prompt: Analyze one film from the given unit in detail, using at least two of the mandatory readings from the unit. It starts with Nixon’s southern strategy – he recruits southern, poor, working-class whites into the Republican fold and criminalizes Blacks. Our ratings are based on child development best practices. Your overall argument should examine how specific aspects of the film or texts intersect with course themes that could include ethnicity, gender, sexuality, class, race, otherness, refugeeism, and other structures of identity. All rights reserved. Let’s look at the numbers. I attended a special screening of this movie at Harvard Kennedy School. In your analysis you may consider social, political, cultural, historical, technological, environmental and/or economical contexts to enable a deeper discussion on the film as a cultural text. Choose a combination of one film and readings that enable you to present an argument that addresses a thematic aspect of the course in a meaningful way. PLAY. It is the first documentary ever accorded that prestigious position, breaking precedent with the festival’s 53-year emphasis on narrative fiction. Additionally, she interviews well-known conservatives, like Newt Gingrich and Grover Norquist. But DuVernay’s thesis nose-dives. In the Reagan era, the war on drugs became a part of our modern culture, andBblack people became overrepresented in the news as criminals. His presidency thus created a system that had black Americans apprehended without direct implication of injustices in the U.S. criminal system. DuVernay’s documentary provides timely yet infuriating information about systemic racism, which has not been addressed nearly as often as DuVernay and the interviewees would like. The Resurrection’s opening track, “Still,” was a stunning and profane declaration against the insidious persistence of deprivation and racism — black outrage turned in on itself and thus exposing the range of America’s human tragedy — treating it as, well, black humor. In assembling a peculiar ensemble of characters, DuVernay disgraces the legacy of DuBois’s tough thinking. The 13th is full of accusations by opportunists-posing-as-historians who profit from reinforcing the fear that black Americans by and large have not experienced progress. The 13th documentary is based on historical occurrences which significantly influenced racial and criminal injustices in the American history. © Common Sense Media. Using archival footage and a clearly developed historical narration to bolster her contention, DuVernay's epic film is not for the faint of heart. DuVernay gives more screen time to an aristocratic group of black achievers and spokespeople: Van Jones, Henry Louis Gates, Michele Alexander, Cory Booker, Khalil Muhammad, and others — all pontificating while looking glamorous and peering thoughtfully off-screen). She provides the example of. The film ignores black American uplift (DuBois’s great concern) for the currently fashionable appeal of “protest,” a term that patronizing news media always preface with “peaceful” — sanctioning it as synonymous with uplift. Der 13. ist ein Dokumentarfilm aus dem Jahr 2016 von Ava DuVernay.. Ava DuVernays Dokumentation Der 13. | “‘How could they have made peace with that?’ ‘How could people have gone to a lynching and participated in that?’ ‘That’s so crazy, if I was living at that time I would never have tolerated anything like that.’ And the truth is we are living in this time, and we are tolerating it.”, 2nd Annual Santa at the Madison-Morgan Cultural Center. The 2016 documentary "13th," directed by Ava DuVernay, examines the history of racial inequality in the United States and the mass incarceration of black Americans. It’s not. Flashcards. Film clips of former President Richard Nixon call for 'Law & Order' which has resulted in exploding prison populations. She appropriates images of southern black pacifism and stoicism against thuggish white mobs as if by doing so, she is demonstrating the same courage and nobility. When DuVernay invokes cheerleaders Rachel Maddow and John Oliver, The 13th  hits the bottom of the barrel. Empower and engage communities to solve North Carolina’s criminal justice problems. In the land of the free, it’s ironic that we have the highest incarceration rates in the world. Given the subtle characteristics of the film and the themes addressed by the director, the film was able to gain quite the popularity but most importantly awards... Racism Reaction Paper: Reacting To Racism In Three Films. — Armond White is the author of The Resistance: Ten Years of Pop Culture That Shook the World and, most recently, New Position: The Prince Chronicles. Use the 'Report' link on “We make them their crime,” Bryan Stevenson, lawyer and founder of the Equal Justice Initiative, said in the documentary. Some possibilities might be: actively working to elect like-minded individuals; recommending this film to others; joining and working with specific organizations that have influence in your community or on the internet. The south was left with the question: how do we rebuild? STUDY. In DuVernay's documentary, 13th, modern prisons are characterized by large-scale manual labor activities, including manufacturing, corporate warehouses, and even sweatshops (DuVernay, 2016). But she is no more noble than contemporary activists who let the principles of black advancement be overtaken by anarchists and lowlifes (the new mobs), or today’s craven media who exploit unrest for ratings and clicks. DuVernay borrows BLM’s shallow perspective and lack of consequence, as well as its progressive jargon — academic persiflage about “the black body,” leading to the repetitive motif of the word “CRIMINAL” flashing on screen. The 13th Amendment was ratified in 1865 and director Ava DuVernay supports her thesis through the use of both historical footage and interviews. Be Nice. “People say all the time, ‘Well, I don’t understand how people could have tolerated slavery?,’” Stevenson said at the end of the documentary. That graphic word-image is underscored with anxious, angry-sounding hip-hop music to give it unearned emotional weight. For the most part, the interviewees have strong convictions, are highly motivated, and well-informed. We won't share this comment without your permission. Film Analysis: 13th Documentary, 2016Institution:Instructor:Name:Date:Film Analysis: 13th Documentary, 2016The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was meant to ensure an effective abolishment of slavery and involuntary servitude with the exemption of penalty for a crime where the individual involved shall have been convicted (Carter Jr, 2006). This practice, however, was an idea that came from the film, according to the documentary. ", Parents and caregivers: Set limits for violence and more with Plus. There’s such a serious lack of political sophistication that DuVernay never confronts the welfare state as enslavement. person will not be tolerated. How can this film be seen in context of theoretical concepts on (im)migration, refugeeism, multi-culturalism, the diasporic, transnational, intercultural for example. She interviewed academics, lawyers, researchers and politicians for commentary throughout the documentary about why the system is this way today, tackling its core issues. These select few have hijacked the grievances of the less-successful to justify their own protected professional standing and to broadcast their individual resentments as if grinding the axes of the masses. In 2014, the prison population was 2,306,200. You have permission to edit this article. The last full day before Election Day, in a chaotic, calamitous year. Here DuVernay returns to the 13th Amendment and makes the case that the system cannot be dealt with by making small changes. They also are responsible for SB 1070, which gave the police the right to stop anyone they thought to be an immigrant. Threats of harming another However, given the evidence on screen, it's difficult to provide an "other side" of the film's arguments. Executive Director Dawn Blagrove Wins 2020 King Leader Award. Low 39F. The interviewees later acknowledge that media and technology have provided a new development for racism: witnesses can record and share it. 13TH SYNOPSIS Ava DuVernay’s powerful documentary 13th introduces the words of the thirteenth amendment of the United States Constitution: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the … How do we break the cycle of mass incarceration? The number of black people in America is about five percent of their total number in the globe, yet more than a quarter of prisoners in the world are blacks in American prisons. However, Ava Duvernay explores a loophole, which deems a form of slavery acceptable in the legal form of criminal punishment. Violence is harsh, frequent, and REAL. Winds light and variable. Having as many black people as possible in prison has become a private venture. The film begins with the idea that 25 percent of the people in the world who are incarcerated are incarcerated in the U.S. Challenging, disturbing, and confrontational, this film is must-see viewing for mature and concerned Americans. They could be fined or put in prison for the least crimes such as “petty theft, vagabondage, and lack of keeping a steady job” (Duvernay, 2016). In an effort to balance assertions and correctly assign "blame," DuVernay places responsibility for current situation on both Democratic and Republican leaders. great concern) for the currently fashionable appeal of “protest,” a term that patronizing news media always preface with “peaceful” — sanctioning it as synonymous with uplift. The aim of the 13th amendment was to grant all former slaves a legal human status, but with a condition. “That’s how we introduced them. We're updating our reviews to better highlight authentic stories and accurate, diverse representations. Synopsis It’s cheap bombast because DuVernay uses utterly mediocre, didactic hip-hop, often the uninspiring, doggerel-prone rapper Common. The 13th also slights both the 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting Rights Act, then castigates American racism, with none of DuBois’s rhetorical specificity, elegance, or intellectual rigor. , said in the documentary. About precedents: The 13th was chosen as the opening-night event of the Film Society of Lincoln Center’s New York Film Festival. Black American history as Bamboozled II. However, this clause has been criticized on many occasions concerning today's criminal justice system. Discredits "law and order" as a viable concept, instead sees the term as a code for arrest and prosecution of persons of color. The strategy can be summarized by this quote by Lee Atwater, “…you’re talking about cutting taxes and all of these things you’re talking about are totally economic things, and the by-product of them is Blacks get hurt worse than whites.”.

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